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Archive for the ‘Favela’ Category

Brazil Final Paper

For the final paper incorporating the research previously posted on this blog, please see here.

Phase Two for Growth Acceleration Program

BETTER CITY
Objective 
– Tackle the major challenges facing large urban areas to improve quality of life
Areas of Focus – Sanitation, crime prevention in high-risk areas, urban mobility, paving
Estimated investment (2011-2014) – US$ 31.3 billion (R$ 57.1 billion)


CITIZEN COMMUNITY
Objective
 – Increase the availability of State services in poorer districts
Areas of Focus – Emergency care units, basic health clinics, daycare and pre-school centers, school sports facilities, community police stations
Estimated investment (2011-2014) – US$ 12.6 billion (R$ 23 billion)


MY HOUSE, MY LIFE

Objective – Reduce the housing deficit, stimulate the civil construction sector, and generate jobs and income
Areas of Focus – “My House, My Life” program, SBPE financing (Brazilian savings and loans system), urbanization of informal settlements
Estimated investment (2011-2014) – US$ 152.5 billion (R$ 278.2 billion)


WATER AND LIGHT FOR ALL
Objective – Provide general access to water and electricity
Areas of Focus – “Light for All” program, water supply in urban areas, water resources
Estimated investment (2011-2014) – US$ 16.6 billion (R$ 30.6 billion)


TRANSPORTATION

Objective – Consolidate, expand and integrate logistics network to ensure quality and safety
Areas of Focus – Highways, railways, ports, waterways, airports, local roads
Estimated investment (2011-2014) – US$ 57.3 billion (R$ 104.5 billion)
Estimated investment (post-2014) – US$ 2.47 billion (R$ 4.5 billio

To read the full publication: http://blogs.worldbank.org/growth/node/8715

The Metamorphosis

“The Metamorphosis of Marginality: Four generation in the Favelas of Rio de Janeiro”

  • Brazil continues to be one of the most unequal countries in the world, with the top 10 percent of the population earning 50 percent of the national income and some 34 percent of all people living below the poverty line.
  • Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, anti-poverty programs were implemented in the form of small cash transfers to poor families in exchange for keeping each child aged seven to fourteen in school, giving them required inoculation, and providing regular medical check-ups.

The study examines the transformation of the lives of the favela dwellers that participated in the study in the areas of Economic Status, Intergenerational Mobility and Structural Barriers to Mobility. The studies examined that there were many indicators of mobility and the positive changes in favela dwellers lives. One indicator of success was the participation in a housing association, with 60 percent of those participating in one or more community associations, versus 17 percent of non-participants experienced upward mobility.

 

To see the study: http://ann.sagepub.com/content/606/1/154

 

State of Insecurity

Reading and reviewing the article, “State of Insecurity: Everyday Emergencies, Public Secrets, and Drug Traffickers Power in a Brazilian Favela” a perspective on the lives of the favela population with the emergence of drug trafficking is shared. Drug trafficking, from the outside takes on the roll of “illegal” and “informal” jobs that threaten the security of Brazil but have manifested into more of a coat of protection and a way of life in many favelas of Rio De Janeiro.

The Brazilian’s states inability and failure to to provide safety in favelas has allowed for drug traffickers to engage and assume the role of “local security” and enforcers of social norms. All of these services are expected of drug traffickers, as stated in the article. The complicity and silence of the favelados must be maintained in this social contract in exchange for the safety and security.

“Rather than being a force that upholds the law, Rio’s police have, since their inception, been charged with enforcing public order”

The article goes on to describe certain cases of favela sectors of Rio de Janeiro and the past experience. the stories continue to demonstrate and have overlapping themes of “respect” for the population of favelados and how it determines their safety, and also the law of silence which is a social norm within favelas such as Caxambu. The questions that are raised are “who defines security or insecurity?” and how are favelas answering these questions.

For the complete article
 Ben Penglase- States of “Insecutrity”