After the end of the military regime in Brazil, the constitution of 1988 was established and it sought to establish and protect individual freedoms. In the constitution, health was recognized as a citizen’s right and a duty of the state to provide it to the citizens. It also laid the foundations for the public health service known now as Sistema Unico de Saude (SUS). Some of the Guiding Principles of the reform in the constitution were: health as a right of citizen; equal access; health as a component of social welfare; a single administration for the public system; integrated and hierarchical health care; social control and social participation; and decentralization and regionalism.
December 18, 2011