Tancredo Neves 1985
- Prime minister of Brazil during the presidency of Joao Goulart.
- He ran against Paulo Malof who belonged to the PDS party, who still supported and remained loyal to the military regime.
- Tancredo Neves defeated Malof and his election was known as the new republic.
- Neves fell ill and was not able to make his inauguration and passed away.
Jose Sarney 1985-1990
- He belonged to the same party as Tancredo Neves and all of Neves’ promises were fulfilled by Sarney. Especially the passing of a constitutional amendment to the constitution created after the military regime. In October 1988, a new constitution was created and democracy was fully in place. This led presidents to have five year terms staring with Sarney and his successors.
- His presidency had two priorities in which they wanted to focus on which was constructing democracy and combating the increasing problem of inflation that had been affecting Brazil for many years.
- He launched a plan that was called “Plano Cruzado”. It was an economic plan which was supposed to help stabilize the problems Brazil was facing. At first this was successful but then inflation became too big of an issue for the plan to fix. Inflation reached 934% in 1988 and this caused violent strikes to occur in the c. country
Fernando Collor 1990-1992
- He was the first president who was directly elected by the people after the military regime. He was also the youngest president of Brazil in all its history.
- He created a new plan to combat the economic problems his country was facing. His Brazil plan had mixed results and the economy was still in recession.
- A scandal erupted causing the resignation of Collor. He and his advisors were accused of receiving money from private companies for profitable contracts. An investigation concluded with a suspension for 180 days. After the 180 days he chose to hand in his resignation. A trial took place and it concluded with finding Collor guilty of corruption charges and he was not allowed to hold public office for eight years.
Itamar Franco 1992-1995
- He elected Fernando Henrique Cardoso as his finance minister. They together set up a plan called Plano Real. It stabilized the economy and it ended inflation.
- His presidency also was able to stabilize government. He initiated the idea of free trade zone in all of South America which was praised by President Bill Clinton at the time.
- He offered hi resignation at the peak of ongoing political scandals. The congress rejected his resignation but then he decided not to go for another term.
Fernando Henrique Cardoso 1995-2003
- He was the first to be elected for two consecutive terms.
- He acquired a lot of support since under Itamar Franco’s presidency he had served as his finance minister and his economic plan had helped fight inflation in Brazil. His economic policies helped him come to office.
- He put forth major reforms in the government. He passed legislative reforms in which it reduced government involvement in the economy. His presidency attracted many foreign investments and privatized important state enterprises.
- He was criticized for making the constitution his own in which reelection was created and helped him stay in office for so long. Many people believe that he had more support in his first four years in office and afterwards his support had dwindled.
- He also was criticized for not truly being leftist like he had said he was at first. Many of his policies were considered to be those of neo-liberals.
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva 2003-2010
- It took him four attempts to finally reach his goal to become president of Brazil.
- He also served two terms as president of Brazil and was the first left wing candidate elected as president.
- He created many social programs. He wanted to eradicate hunger and Fome Hunger (Zero Hunger) was put in place to end hunger in Brazil. He also wanted to combat teenage pregnancy, strengthen family agriculture and distribution of minimum amount of cash to poor families. Bolsa Familia (family allowance) is a program created by da Silva and internationally praised. It gives allowances to families for food and kitchen gas. It receives donations from private corporations and international organizations.
- The economy of Brazil also benefitted greatly from da Silva’s presidency in which saw banks gain profitably. It also helped raise standard of living in which many Brazilians were now classified as middle class.
- Lula da Silva also becomes a major player in South America by becoming a negotiator. Meaning he was involved in trying to calm tensions between Venezuela and Colombia and he also wants to form relations with South American countries and developing countries.
- He also wanted to strengthen Mercosur.
- He is often criticized for wanting tighter control of government in the media and more government intervention.
Dilma Vana Rousseff 2010-present
- First women president of Brazil.
- More women have also been in government during her presidency than any other.
- She has also been the first women to open a session of the U.N. General Assembly.